Support to International organisations and projects under their auspices is part of the responsibility of the directorate for International Development Cooperation. Multilateral development cooperation is focused on four organisations which are of particular importance to the priorities of Iceland's Development Cooperation Strategy: the World Bank Group, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) and the United Nations University (UNU) under which four training programmes operate in Iceland; UNU Geothermal Training Programme, UNU Fisheries Training Programme, UNU Land Restoration Training Programme and UNU Gender Equality and Studies Training Programme.
The support includes both core and earmarked contributions. In addition to providing contributions and support to projects in the developing countries, Iceland strives to be an active participant at the policy level within the priority organisations. Contributions to these organisations have amounted to more than half of the Icelandic ODA in recent years.
With the current Development Cooperation Strategy, the aim is to increase the proportion even further. Contributions to other organisations, apart from these four, take specific account of the need for assistance in Afghanistan and Palestine, and, in addition, special consideration will be given to potential Icelandic participation in international health initiatives.
Support and cooperation with UN agencies is the most extensive part of Iceland's multilateral development cooperation, as the greatest proportion of contributions to multilateral organisations is allocated to the UN. The Icelandic government places particular emphasis on cooperation with agencies which reflect Iceland's primary objectives, namely: UNICEF, UN Women and UNU. Iceland also supports other UN agencies which all play a key role in international development cooperation and emergency- and humanitarian assistance, such as UNDP, UNRWA, UNFPA, UNHCR, WFP and FAO.