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Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs

Government Accounts for 2013

The results of Government Accounts for 2013 have now been published and the accounts forwarded to the Althingi.

The outcome for 2013 is considerably better than anticipated. The current balance was negative by ISK 732 million, while the 2013 supplementary budget anticipated a deficit of ISK 19.7 billion. The outcome of the Government Accounts for 2012 was a deficit of ISK 35.8 billion.

Revenues in 2013 were ISK 31.7 billion higher than estimated and expenditures ISK 12.8 billion in excess of estimate. The primary balance for the year is positive by ISK 57.2 billion while the budget estimated a surplus of just over ISK 36 billion. The deviation from the budget is to a great extent the result of irregular items, the largest of which was recognised income of ISK 24.9 billion due to the increase in the value of the Treasury's holding in Landsbankinn hf. and ISK 11.9 billion higher write-downs of tax claims than estimated. Net borrowing requirement in 2013 was equivalent to 1.7% of GDP compared to 3.6% of GDP in 2012. It was funded in 2013 by reducing cash and cash equivalents, which decreased by around ISK 79 billion during the year. The Treasury's liquidity, however, remains strong, with cash and cash equivalents amounting to ISK 404 at year-end.

Among the first countries to endorse Government Accounts electronically

For the first time this year Government Accounts were electronically signed, making Iceland among the first countries to endorse its Government Accounts in this manner.  “This is a major step forward in e-government, and in keeping with the times, where people are constantly moving,” says Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs Bjarni Benediktsson.

The Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs, the Director General of the Financial Management Authority and the Auditor General all endorsed the Government Accounts with electronic signatures, using digital certificates. Over the next few years the use of electronic ID is to be greatly increased in Iceland, to make this the principal means of identification for various types of electronic services and Internet transactions.

Iceland is the first country to make use of electronic signatures in signing annual financial statements, as for the past three years private sector companies have endorsed their accounts in this manner. Auditors have also used electronic ID in communications, both for authentication and electronic signature,with the Directorate of Internal Revenue and the Directorate of Customs for quite some time.

The advantages of endorsing annual financial statements or other documentation electronically are undisputed. It brings time savings and ensures the secure preservation of data.

“In introducing electronic signatures public administration is moving towards the future, saving both paper and effort. Holders of electronic ID can use this to sign wherever they are in the world,” the Minister of Finance pointed out when presenting Government Accounts at a press conference today.

Bjarni Benediktsson, Minister of Finance, signed the Government Accounts from his bus travels in Northern Iceland.


In addition, at this meeting the Minister officially opened a new web of the Financial Management Agency, www.rikisreikningur.is, which is intended to facilitate access to each year's Government Accounts. The web provides a breakdown of state revenues and expenditures from 2004 onwards.

The data can be viewed in various ways. Besides the general summary presented, a more detailed examination is possible right down to keys by types of expenditure.

The web also allows viewers to compare various state expenditures, e.g. by institution and year, in a more accessible manner than previously.

“I welcome this step towards improved public access to financial information on the state. It increases transparency and confidence and gives people an opportunity to see how state expenditures have developed,” Bjarni Benediktsson concluded.

Government Accounts in their entirety, with the accompanying breakdown and notes are accessible on the website of the Financial Management Agency [fjs.is]. 

Summary 1  Treasury Finances 2013 and 2012

                                                            Accounts Suppl. budget Deviation Budget/ Accounts
ISKm   2013 2013 Amount % 2013 2012
Total revenues 591.435 559.693 31.742 5,7 579.374 525.876
Total expenditures 592.167 579.392 12.775 2,2 583.028 561.721
Current balance -732 -19.700 18.967 . -3.654 -35.845
Primary balance 57.212 36.085 21.127 . 60.241 18.011
Net financing
surplus/needs (+/-)
-30.364 -48.370 18.006 . -40.893 -61.787
Net borrowing -16.801 -8.000 -8.801 . 13.000 -8.822
Net domestic borrowing -12.415 ... ... . ... 30.602
Net foreign borrowing -4.386 ... . -39.424
Change in cash and
cash equivalents
-47.165 -56.370 9.205 . -27.893 -70.609
% of GDP  
Total revenues 33,1 31,3 . . 32,4 30,9
Total expenditures 33,2 32,4 . . 32,6 33,1
Current balance 0,0 -1,1 . . -0,2 -2,1
Primary balance 3,2 2,0 . . 3,4 1,1
Net financing
surplus/needs (+/-)
  -1,7 -2,7 . . -2,3 -3,6


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