Freshwater resources are abundant in Iceland and water is generally unpolluted. Access to water is of primary importance for the well-being of the Icelanders and the uses of water are diverse. Aquifers provide drinking-water, geothermal water is used for house heating and the power of glacial rivers and geothermal steam for electricity production. Rivers and lakes support a diversity of aquatic life.
The Act on Water Management is intended to provide holistic protection for water and ecosystems. The Act covers surface water, ground-water, estuaries and coastal water. The aim is to provide comprehensive assessment of water bodies and establish coordinated management of water resources to ensure their protection and sustainable use. The Environment Agency of Iceland is responsible for implementing the Act on Water Management, in cooperation with other agencies and local authorities.
The Environment Agency of Iceland